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Roman Bireme Close-up Photographs

Photograph (Click photo to enlarge)

The ram

This ram is made of balsa wood.
The surface became to be too smooth. I should have laid boards to cover this balsa block.


The bow

I did not use the anchor prepared in the kit. This wooden anchor with lead stock was made by myself according to the reference 4 as described at Memo6.
The patterns of the bulwarks were painted without using of the printed sheet patterns in the kit.



The projections that run along either side from the bow to the steering oar are massive bumpers to shield the oarsmen.
However it seems that these projections were fitted to such larger galleys as triremes as described at Memo1.

At First, I had thought these projections are outriggers and I made the ports at the projections. Finally, I covered these holes with metal ornaments.


The corvus and the windlass

Although there is no Corvus in this kit, I fitted the Corvus.
This is a boarding bridge which was invented by Roman Empire at the Punic war so that the Roman soldiers could easily board an enemy galley. This bording bridge was called "Corvus" from its shape resemblance to a bird. "Corvus" is raven or crow.
But I do not know whether the corvus was really fitted or not on the biremes in this age.


The mast foot.

I made a lot of rigging by my imagination.


The tower

I settled the tower on the aft deck. This tower could be carried fore and aft.
Although the brick like wall pattern seems to be doubtful, the evidence of this pattern was found as described at Memo4.


The tent on the poop deck.

Because the Corvus is settled at the fore deck, the hatch is placed on the aft deck.